• Jun 20, 2021 from 9:00am to 11:00am
  • Location: Orange County, CA
  • Latest Activity: Jun 25


Sunday, June 20, 2021, 4-6 pm PDT (UTC -7)

Registration link

REGISTRATION with your email address is required.  After registering, you will receive an email containing the Zoom link.

The ring i is a mathematical function, the complex exponential, which sits at the heart of quantum mechanical calculations.  It appears at the end of an active fantasy by Wolfgang Pauli (who worked closely with C.G. Jung and Marie-Louise von Franz) entitled Die Klavierstunde (The Piano Lesson); perhaps you have heard of this often mentioned fantasy.  What is less often discussed is an earlier dream of Pauli’s that was also concluded with the ring i. (This can be found in an appendix to the Jung-Pauli letters Atom and Archetype edited by C. A. Meier.)  

The image of the ring i has the appearance of a mandala.  But appearance does not make it a symbol, it is the reaction of the observer. 

As a physicist, the ring i was well known to me, but although it is a function with quite remarkable properties, it had little meaning beyond its mathematical utility. So I was quite surprised when it appeared in my dreams, even more surprised when I found it had also arisen in Pauli’s dreams.  Curiously, the ring always seems to arise as the conclusion of a cosmic viewpoint.

I have pondered its meaning for some three years now, a meaning that is deeply complex (pardon the wordplay) and brings us into that nexus between physics and psyche that was so richly discussed in the letters between Jung and Pauli. The ring appears to carry, in mathematical form, a paradoxical world view, not only of the outer world, but of the inner world too – the real and the imaginary.  It may be one of those images that appears synchronistically to help heal the split we are all subject to in this time of rational materialism. 

Robert Matthews, PhD, is a senior lecturer in the School of Education, University of Adelaide, where he prepares beginning teachers for classroom practice and their interactions; teaches post-graduate studies in neuroscience and psychology of education; and supervises at the post-graduate level.  He is near completion in his training as a Jungian analyst at the Zentrum für Tiefenpsychologie, Switzerland.  This diverse background offers fascinating insights into the areas of education, depth psychology and quantum physics, the nexus of which forms his research interests.


The C.G. Jung Club of Orange County provides quality educational programs designed to promote the study and discussion of Jungian Psychology, also known as Analytical Psychology.  The programs elaborate and amplify the ideas of C.G. Jung by exploring diverse perspectives of Jungian Psychology, as well as a wide range of subjects studied by Jung and his followers, such as mythology and comparative religion.  We seek to understand the human psyche through the psychological theories and therapeutic methods pioneered by C.G. Jung and the current use of Jungian concepts by contemporary Jungian analysts.

For information about obtaining CEs for this program visit our Continuing Education page

For more information about the Jung Club of Orange County, visit the Club's website

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